Rasam - here refers to the sweetness. It is generally cultivated as a perennial crop. It is a widely distributed variety  in all banana growing areas of Karnataka. This image is real and from Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu. Bunchy-top Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow on  ripening. It is highly susceptible to bunchy top, fusarium wilt and nematodes. The plants are tall, robust ranging from 2.5 m to 3.0 m in height, produces bunches to tune of 20 – 30 Kg: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: 9: Monthan: Fairly tall and robust, growing to a height of 2.5 to 3.0 m It is a high yielding and produces bunch of large size with well developed fruits. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. TIRUCHI Scientific Advisory Committee of KVK Sirugamani, at its meeting here on Thursday, mooted proposals for enhancing productivity of farmers by way of choosing crop varieties suiting the local con The best time for planting in Padugai lands are January to Febraury and August to September.      Â. Fruits are yellowish green throughout their development, but turn pale yellow to  golden yellow after ripening. Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. Fruits are angular, thick skinned and are loosely arranged on the female axis. Culinary  To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. The fruit is widely available in South India. In Tamil Nadu it is grown in 81498 ha with production of 34,61,788 tones and productivity 41.10t / ha. Bunch 20-25 kg, over 100 fruits under good management practices. It is an introduction from Phillipines and it is found promising under in saline sodic soils. Irrigation Robusta: Robusta is high yielding banana variety with large size. Attractive yellowish green colour at maturity. Choice variety grown in Tamil Nadu in Kulitalai & Thanjavur regions. Perennial system aggravates Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV). The bunches will be ready for harvest after 12 to 15 months of planting. Spray Phosphamidon 1 ml/lit or Methyl Demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit to control it. ABB: 4: All AAA Clone are susceptible to? Premium variety grown in the lower Palani hills of Kodaikanal range in Tamil Nadu. Insert a gelatin capsule containing 200 mg Fernoxone (2,4 – D) into the corm 7 cm deep using capsule applicator or inject 5 ml Fernoxone solution (125 gm/lit of water) into the pseudostem by using the injection gun. Use ‘Banana Injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. There are also varieties like hill banana, red banana, nendran and others. The thick rind of the fruits retains greenish colour to some extent and even when the fruits are ripe. The best time for planting in Tissue banana are Throughout the year (except when temperature is too low or too high).          Â, Grand naine is the best variety grown well in Tissue Banana.      Â. It’s a sweet variety of banana, and the cheapest of all forms of banana. susceptible to wilt disease. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. It could perform well withpout any yield reduction in sodic soils with PH 8.5-8.75. Just like Kerala has varieties of fish curries, every region in Tamil Nadu has their own variety of idli. Monthan, Vayal vazhai, Ash Monthan and Chakkia are cultivated for culinary purpose. Pre-treat the suckers with 40 g Carbofuran 3G. The bunch size, fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. April – May (lower Palani hills), June – August (Sirumalai) are the suitable seasons for cultivating hill banana. Peel - thick, tough, peels easily, dark green turning orange yellow when ripe. Chennai is a hub of traditional and new age idli shops that sells the good old dish nonstop. (CC BY-SA 4.0). The best time for planting in Intercropping in Coconut is April to May and August to September. Areas in Tamil Nadu where banana is prominently cultivated are Theni, Trichy, Erode, Thoothukudi, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Thanjavur and Dindigul. Suitable for growing as intercrop in .coconut gardens. Remove outer sheaths to keep the corm inside the soil and ward off borer. Alternation of fungicides for every spray prevents fungicidal resistance. Different types of Banana and their benefits, வாழைப்பழத்தின் வகைகளும் அத பயன்களும்! Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. Apply N as Neem coated urea. Each bunch of fruit has 7-9 hands weighing 11-17 lbs. 2. The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. Surface digging should be done once in two months. In Malayalam language, banana plant is called by ‘Vaazha’ and the banana fruit is termed as ‘Vaazha pazham’. The plants are tall, robust ranging from 2.5 m to 3.0 m in height, produces bunches to tune of 20 – 30 Kg: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: 9: Monthan: Fairly tall and robust, growing to a height of 2.5 to 3.0 m Ney Poovan is the choicest diploid cultivar, which is under commercial mono Bunch large, compact, 18 kg, upto 10 hands. Major Markets in Tamil Nadu: Trichy, Coimbatore, Theni : Preferred Varieties and Hybrids : Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli : Grade Specification : The hands are graded based on the number and size of … International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the blue java are also members of the farm. Karpuravalli is a tall, robust plant well suited to marginal lands and soils  produced under low input conditions. In Padugai lands, the crop can be cultivated during January – February and August – September. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. Bunch - 15 to 20kg, 8 to16 hands, 60 to 80 fruits. Banana is available all round the year, is affordable, nutritious, tasty and also has medicinal value, which makes it one of the most demanding fruit. Average 100  Performs well even in complete shade suited for planting in coconut grooves. The fruits of the first 5 to 6 hands are same as those of Rasthali, while the rest differ only in size. Pachanadan could be used in the Nendran plantations for gap filling as it comes up for harvest along with Nendran. It is a semi-tall variety, grown mostly in Tamil Nadu and some parts of Karnataka for table purpose. (Dip the corm in slurry solution containing 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control nematodes). “In Theni district of Tamil Nadu, we found G9 being infected by Race 1. Hill banana Average weight of bunch ranges from 15-20 kg  with short, stout, dark green Poovan like fruits which are arranged compactly. Irrigate immediately after planting; give life irrigation after 4 days; subsequent irrigations are to be given once in a week for garden land bananas and once in 10 – 15 days for wetlands. Use tissue cultured banana plants with 5-6 leaves. It is one of the famous dwarf varieties of coconut in India, suitable for cultivation in southern states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. Its ash coated golden yellow and sweet fruits have good keeping quality. The variety, Poovan (Syn. Alkaline and saline soils should be avoided. It is a medium plant which takes 12-14 months to come to harvest. Trim the roots and decayed portion of the corm, cut the pseudostem leaving 20 cm from the corm and grade the suckers to size. Bunch not compact, 12-15 kgs, 4-6 hands, 3 prominent ridges, distinct nipple. Garden land Uproot and destroy severely affected plants. Nendran and Robusta can be cultivated during April – May. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and Then grow Sunhemp after 45th day and incorporate one month later. Price : Get Quote Style : Fresh Maturity : 11-12 Weeks Taste : Naturally Sweet Feature : Best For health Color : Green Cultivation Type : Organic Regarded as a respected yellow banana exporter in Tamil Nadu, we put the best of our efforts in optimizing the level of client satisfaction. Immune to Banana Bunchy Top viral diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. A big chunk of the Tamil Nadu bananas go to gulf countries. Fibre from pseudostem and peduncle of four commercial cultivars of Tamil Nadu viz., Grand Naine, Poovan, Monthan and Nendran were extracted using banana fibre extraction machine. Pulp - firm, cream coloured, core conspicuous, medium taste. Leaf production. The area of cultivation of Nanjangud rasabale, a special variety of banana only in and around Nanjangud areas of Karnataka. “There is the Kadappa, Karpoora, Pedda Pachan Arati, Red Banana, Grand Nine, Rastali, Bontha, Potti Panchcha Arati and Tella Chekkra Keli. It is the festival to respect the Farmer and his… Bunch – pendulous, 7-9 hands per bunch, 12-15 fingers per hand. Performs well under light soils with high inputs. Press mud application @ 15 t per ha one month after planting and neem cake 1.5 t per ha one month after planting will also control the nematode infestation. Fruits are short, stout and have no knob. Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. It is also sometimes known as the Cardaba banana, though the latter name may be more correctly applied to a very similar cultivar also classified within the Saba subgroup. Always add 5 ml of wetting agent like Sandovit, Triton AE, Teepol etc. Crop duration 18 months. Robusta is highly susceptible to Sigatoka leaf spot disease in humid tropics. Use transparent polyethylene sleeves with 2% (during cool season) - 4% (during summer season) ventilation to cover the bunch immediately after opening of the last hand. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Corm injection with 3 ml of 2% carbendazim. Well drained loamy soils are suitable for banana cultivation. The fruit is large and angular even when ripe. Exceedingly sweet but poor fruit keeping quality. Lesser grown variety, grows upto elevation of 1300 m above msl. Fruits - medium size, persistent on pedicel even after ripening, skin - medium thick, yellow with ashy coating. The Lacatan cultivar is the typical bananas we found in the market for dessert. It has a remarkable early rationing ability completing four crops in three years. Apply 20 g in each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria during planting and five months after planting. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. State Production (Tons) Tamil Nadu 5136.2 Gujarat 4523.49 Maharashtra 3600 Andhra Pradesh 3242.7 Karnataka 2529.6 Bihar 1702.412 Madhya Pradesh … For ratoon crops in respect of Poovan, Monthan and Rasthali allow the follower at flowering stage of the mother plant and remove the other suckers during harvest. Plant tall and vigorous. It has an attractive golden yellow color when ripe. Fairly tolerant to nematodes and leaf spot and rhizome rot diseases. Tolerance to leaf spot diseases and nematodes. The bunch size, the fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. Irrigate the fields copiously after every manure application. Raise paddy for one season to suppress the pathogen. One deep digging may be given during January – February. Coimbatore, Erode, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Trichy, Vellore,Kanyakumari and Karur districts, Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli. Banana is more cultivated in TamilNadu state. Pulp - sweet and juicy, firm, pleasant flavour. Peak season in karnataka are, Bontha and Mauritius and for Poovan the best time is November to January beacause it has a no longer duration. AAB, AAA: 3: Which clones are grown under rainfed conditions [like: Monthan, Kanthali, Kunnan]? The cultivar has a very aromatic and excellent flavor. Varieties: Following are the major banana varieties grown in India. An oblique hole at 45° angle is made to a depth of 10 cm. Pseudostem core is a highly relished vegetable with various medicinal properties. It can also be raised for leaf production. Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). Important cultivars are Robusta, Monthan, Poovan, Dwarf Cavendish, Nendran, Red banana, Basrai, Ardhapuri, Nyali, Safed Velchi Rasthali, Karpurvalli, etc. It is known for its good keeping quality and non detaching nature of fruit  from the bunch making it suitable for long transportation. Commercial plantations is seen in Madurai,Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu. The best time for planting in Hill Banana are April to May and June to August. Culinary varieties like Monthan, Batheesa, Kanchekela, Nendrapadathy are the best varieties grown well in Rain fed crop, The best time for planting in karnataka is by the end of the june. Clean the jungle and construct contour stone walls before planting. It is a hybrid clone released by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore involving three parents - Ladan, Kadali and Musa balbisiana. Field preparation One deep spade digging is essential. Plant - slender, medium size, petiole borders open & conspicuously red. Dark green fruits turn golden yellow with a very good keeping quality. One deep digging may be given during January – February. Remove outer sheaths to keep the corm inside the soil and ward off borer. Poovan: It is a leading banana crop that is grown commercially throughout the country. It has a white pulp which is sweet when ripe although very starchy. Red Banana, Nendran, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Virupakashi, Pachanadan Monthan Karpuravalli etc. 2 – 4 ploughings are required before planting. Bunches with 8 hands of 12 fingers each, 10 kg weight. Use ‘Banana injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. Rasthali, Monthan, Karpooravalli  susceptible to the disease. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) and the Tamilnadu Banana Producers Company Limited (TBCL), along with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, … Currently, Tamil Nadu has about 2.12 lakh acres of banana cultivation, data showed. Banana is the fruit of a plant of the genus. This is also very tasty and small sized fruit. https://gkfooddiary.com/banana-recipes-babies-kids-can-i-give-my-baby-banana Demerits are its susceptibility to panama wilt, formation of hard lump in pulp and easy dropping of fruits from the bunch. Plant – medium sized, stem dark purple with greenish tinge. To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. The characteristic feature of this variety is a ‘beak,’ which is visible when the fruits are mature. Lady Finger banana (Sugar banana) Pisang jari buaya (Crocodile fingers banana) Señorita banana (Monkoy, Arnibal banana, Cuarenta dias, Cariñosa, Pisang Empat Puluh Hari, Pisang Lampung) Sinwobogi banana; AAA Group. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. But poor keeping quality and the fruits fall off bunches. It is characterized by uniformly purple red pigmented pseudostem, leaf pedicel  and bunch peduncle. Fruits – small to medium, plump at base, tapering at apex, irregularly 5 sided, thick beak. The plant collapses and topples in 3 – 5 days. Centre for Plant breading and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India. Banana varieties grown in different states of India are: Karnataka - Robusta, Rasthali, Dwarf Cavendish, Poovan, Monthan, Elakkibale Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking. The spray may be directed towards crown and pseudostem base upto ground level at 21 days interval atleast thrice. Fruits remain as starchy even on ripening.Â. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. Panama Disease It is a popular variety in Tamil Nadu especially for its cooling effects in hot tracts in summer. Spray Methyl demeton 20 EC @ 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1 ml/lit or Phosphamidon 40 SL @ 2ml/lit. Fruits are slightly acidic with pleasant sweet-sour aroma. Tamil Nadu ranks first in area and production of banana but in Tamil Nadu banana cultivation has a limitation because the state experience strong wind that cause the falling down of banana plant during strong wind. The hands are graded based on the number and size of fingers in each hand. Basically a shy yielder but has the potential to yield 30-40 kg bunches under The Tissue Culture Banana is very tasty. It is tolerant to leaf spot disease but susceptible to Fusarium wilt, nematodes banana bract mosaic virus. Red Banana, Manoranjitham (Santhana vazhai) and Ladan are also cultivated in hills. The pseudostem, petiole, midrib and fruit rind are purplish red in color. Banana can be cultivated in garden lands during January – February and November – December. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. The varieties cultivated include Grand Naine, Virupakshi, Sirumalai, Rasthali and Red Banana. Banana Streak Virus, (BSV), which cause considerable reduction in yield. Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. Bunch has 5-6 hands. Banana is the fourth-important food ingredient in terms of gross value exceeded only by rice, wheat and milk product. I am from Kadappa district. Main banana growing states are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It also has also good export potential. Wet lands Varieties Poovan, Robusta, Moongil  show resistance. Ney poovan is the unique diploid assuming commercial monoclonal cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka. It is one of the most important banana varieties in Philippine cuisine. Kappa pazham is the reddish variety more costlier than the other ones. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. Elongated fruits turn attractive golden yellow on ripening. The plant stature is dwarf, making it less prone to wind damage. Fertigate at weekly intervals as per the following schedule. The fruit is widely available in South India. Tamil Nadu. Plant with huge pseudostem and grows to a height of 16-20 feet. The bunch weight ranges from 12-15 kg (after 11-12 months). For economizing the cost of fertilizers, fertigate using normal fertilizers (Urea and Muriate of potash) with 50% of the recommended dose along with recommended dose of phosphorus as basal at 2nd month after planting. Rasam + Kathali = Rasthaali…means Sweet Banana. It is highly resistant to black Sigatoka, Fusarium wilt and apparently resistant to burrowing nematode. Introduced variety, important for international trade and high density planting. 430+ Varieties of Bananas: Kerala Man’s 3-Acre Farm Bears Harvest Worth Over a Lakh. Fruits are bold, stocky, knobbed and pale green in colour. Many varieties of Kathali are grown in Kerala. Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. Accessed 21 Mar. General recommendations for garden land, wetland banana and hill bananas. escape high wind as it blows at higher level. It is commercially cultivated under low input conditions owing to its tolerance to drought, salt and nematodes. Varies from Rasthali only in that there are no male flowers so that the whole axis is covered with fruits. This will also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. Fruit quality is medium, sugar acid blend is good with maximum yellow life (7days). A new banana plantation Climate for Banana Cultivation. It is a sturdy plant and somewhat cold tolerant. From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji’, Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. The Nanjangud rasabale, which has unique characteristics, is identified by its distinct aroma when it ripens fully. It has superior growth, yield and quality pararmeters than Pachanadan. Dwarf varieties like Basrai, Rajapuri etc. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. The pest is the vector for Bunchy top virus disease. Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. Useful variety for breeding as it is male and female fertile. (This should be applied prior to chemical fertilizer application). The fruits are short slightly curved with prominent ridges and blunt apex.Â. The duration of the variety is about 13 months. The only difference is that in the Sirumalai type, pulp is not as dry, but is juicier to sweeter and richer in flower. In combination with high-density planting and drip irrigation,Dwarf Cavendish is becoming a highly successful cultivar. International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the … Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1% or chlorothaloail 0.2% or Carbendazim 0.1%. The plants are medium-sized with slender, yellowish pseudostem having reddish petiole margin.Â. Intercropping:Leguminousvegetables, Beetroot, ElephantfootyamandSunhemp.Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables. Fruit has a poor keeping quality leading to a quick breakdown of pulp after ripening, hence not suited for long distance transportation. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. In Tamil Nadu's Villupuram district, police said the fallen trees have been removed to ease the flow of traffic. In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. It is cultivated in India in an area of 830.5 thousand ha and total production is around 29,779.91 thousand tons. Suitable for cultivation for leaf production in Trichy and Tanjore districts of Tamil Nadu. Fruits - large, long, thick, peel - thick and leathery, golden yellow, peels with difficulty. 25. Select sword suckers of 1.5 to 2.0 kg weight which are free from diseases and nematodes. Fruits arebold, stocky,knobbed and pale green in colour. TR4 strain in India is also different from the strain damaging plantations elsewhere in the world. It is tolerant to leaf spot and Banana Bunchy Top Virus(BBTV) diseases, but The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha; Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. Dark green fruits turn bright yellow upon ripening depending on ripening conditions. The 'Nino", also known as the 'Lady Finger', 'Sugar' banana, 'Finger' banana, 'Fig' banana, 'Date' banana, or 'Sucrier'; in Spanish, as 'Dedo de Dama', 'Datil', 'Nino', 'Bocadillo', 'Manices', 'Guineo Blanco', 'Platano Roatan' or 'Cambur Titiaro'; in French, as 'Banane-figue', 'Banane mignonne', 'Figue sucrée' (West Indies), 'Banane figue sucrée', 'Banane doigt de dame', 'Banane naine', 'Banana ficaire', 'Banana "Sucrier'. It is ideal cultivar for wind prone areas.
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