Sugar maple is a deciduous, Missouri native tree which will typically grow 40′ to 80′ tall (sometimes to 100′) with a dense, rounded crown. (1994). [25] A tree in Lyme, Connecticut, measured in 2012, had a circumference of 18.25 feet (5.56 m), or an average diameter at breast height of about 5.8 feet (1.77 m). The seeds fall from the tree in autumn, where they must be exposed to 45 days of temperatures below 4 °C (39 °F) to break their coating down. Some production-line cues will use lower-quality maple wood with cosmetic issues, such as "sugar marks", which are most often light brown discolorations caused by sap in the wood. [citation needed][21] Canadian hardrock maple is also used in the manufacture of electric guitar necks due to its high torsional stability and the bright, crisp resonant tone it produces. Collection of sap for sugar is also not possible in the southern part of sugar maple's range as winter temperatures do not become cold enough. A shade-tolerant deciduous tree of the northeast, often associated with climax communities on rich, mesic sites. [1] X Research source Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Scientific Name: Acer saccharum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays wider than pores. Its shade tolerance is exceeded only by the striped maple, a smaller tree. In scientific classification of Sugar Maple, Family is a main factor. These can include diseases , such as tar spot, verticillium wilt, anthracnose, leaf scorch, powdery mildew, and lichen, to name a few. [24], The national champion for Acer saccharum is located in Charlemont, Massachusetts. It is less common in the southern part of its range (USDA Zone 6) where summers are hot and humid; there sugar maple is confined to ravines and moist flatlands. The leaves are bright green and the underside is light green. Introduction: Sugar maple, with its beautiful form and brilliant, multicolored display of fall color, is a popular shade tree in eastern North America.It is known for its quality wood and abundant sugar. Sugar maple, large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. Fall color variable, but usually includes vibrant reds and oranges in addition to yellow. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) Much smaller terminal buds sharply pointed; 4-8 pairs of bud scales visible. Deep, well-drained loam is the best rooting medium, although sugar maples can grow well on sandy soil which has a good buildup of humus. The leaves of the Sugar Maple usually have five squarish, shallow lobes. It often has a touch of chalky grayness, like young sugar maple … Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Antibacterial activity of sugar maple autumn‐shed leaf extract: Identification of the active compound" by Maxime Delisle-Houde et al. Its form and bark make this an attractive tree in the winter as well. Sugar maple has a heavy, … Sugar maples also have a tendency to color unevenly in fall. Sugar maple trees can grow to be 100 feet tall. The wood is also used in gunstocks and flooring for its strength. Leaf colors range from bright yellows to orange and red. 1913. And, yes, we make some amazing maple … Go here for a peek inside my book. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. Sweet Maple–available whereever books are sold–is also filled with all the details and recipes your heart desires if you’ve ever wanted to replace refined sugar with maple. In recent years, because white ash has become threatened by emerald ash borer, sugar maple wood has increasingly displaced it for baseball bat production. As the sap boils, the water is evaporated off and the syrup left behind. Although you can tap other kinds of maples, sugar maples provide more sap with a better flavor. Hard maple ought to be considered the king of the Acer genus. They also share a tendency with red maples for certain parts of a mature tree to change color weeks ahead of or behind the remainder of the tree. Acer saccharum is among the most shade tolerant of large deciduous trees. Sugar maple trees are the only species that the Sugar Maple Borer uses as a host plant. Sugar Maple Red Maple *Leaf - Simple, opposite, length 2" to 4"; three- to five-pointed saw-toothed lobes separated by sharp angular openings, fall color red, orange or yellow *Bark - Smooth, light gray on young stems. Pennsylvania Historical Commission Anthropological Papers No. The tree produces a dense, round, … The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) (hard maple, rock maple) is one of our largest and finest forest trees, growing to a height of 80 feet with a diameter of two or more feet. Learn to identify a Sugar maple tree. Backyard maple syrup production, how to tap maple trees Southern Sugar Maple is similar to the northern Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum), which occurs mostly in the Mountains in North Carolina, but the leaves of A. barbatum tend to be smaller, … My book, Sweet Maple, is filled with all the information I learned doing it myself, though lots of trial and too many errors. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Sugar Maple family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. was recently shown to have antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas cichorii and Xanthomonas campestris pv.vitians, two bacteria causing diseases in lettuce production.In this study, antibacterial activity of sugar maple autumn‐shed leaves (SMASL) extract was further investigated. Its preferred … at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. It's a slow grower, about 12 inches per year. Trees with wavy woodgrain, which can occur in curly, quilted, and "birdseye maple" forms, are especially valued. The Norway maple is also highly shade tolerant, but is considerably more tolerant of urban conditions, resulting in the sugar maple's replacement in those areas. Although maple sap and maple syrup have been previously studied, the phytochemical constituents of maple sugar are unknown. Sugar maple trees have 5-lobed leaves (3 large lobes and 2 small lobes). Rougher and flakey when older *Common throughout MN, especially eastern MN *Leaf - Simple, opposite, length 3" to 5"; Silver and sugar maple are easy to tell apart by leaf, buds, and growth habit. Sugar Maple Red Maple *Leaf - Simple, opposite, length 2" to 4"; three- to five-pointed saw-toothed lobes separated by sharp angular openings, fall color red, orange or yellow *Bark - Smooth, light gray … In the west, Tennessee represents the southern limit of its range and Missouri its southwestern limit. The sugar maple can be confused with the Norway maple, which is not native to America but is commonly planted in cities and suburbs, and they are not closely related within the genus. Sugar maple is an emblematic and common tree of the New England landscape, widely planted along roadsides and sugar bushes in order to harvest its maple syrup. Ethanolic crude extract prepared from autumn‐shed leaves of sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) So how do you identify this sweet tree? Sugar and Red Maple Trees This guide fulfills the need for an easy resource beginners can use to recognize the trees they encounter. The three lobes of a sugar maple’s leaf are separated by smooth, U-shaped valleys – think U as in sUgar. The sugar maple is one of the most important Canadian trees, being, with the black maple, the major source of sap for making maple syrup. Identification of the Sugar Maple: Like other maples, Sugar Maples have opposite, lobed leaves. Sugar Maple is the quintessential North American maple known for its hard premium wood, gorgeous fall color, and maple syrup, even decorating the national flag of our Canadian neighbors. [13], Human influences have contributed to the decline of the sugar maple in many regions. The Sugar Maple is a landscape standout. Sugar maples are deeper-rooted than most maples and engage in hydraulic lift, drawing water from lower soil layers and exuding that water into upper, drier soil layers. Usually has single-trunk growth habit, with straight trunk branching only higher up. It is depicted on the state quarter of Vermont, issued in 2001. Sugar maple twigs are brown and slender and the leaf buds are brown and very pointy. Germination of A. saccharum is slow, not taking place until the following spring when the soil has warmed and all frost danger is past. HABITAT Native to broadleaf forests in Ontario, Quebec and the The tree is long-lived, typically 200 years and occasionally as much as 300. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Scientific Name: Acer saccharum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays wider than pores. Its salt tolerance is low and it is very sensitive to boron. The tree produces a dense, round, compact crown when grown in the open and is used quite extensively as a shade or ornamental tree. 3 (p. 69, 128), Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T193863A2287314.en, "Acer saccharum Marshall – The Plant List", "Sugar Maple Tree Facts: Sugar Maple Tree Growing Information", "Norway Maple – New York Invasive Species Information", "Invasive Species Identification Sheet - Norway Maple", "www.canadianheritage.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/df1_e.cfm", Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "First record of the rare species Pholiota squarrosoides (Agaricales, Strophariaceae) in southwestern Poland", "Auburn University Entomology and Plant Pathology | Greenstriped Mapleworm", "Putting Down Roots: Landscape Guidelines for the Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Trees in Central Oklahoma", "Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) - Champion Tree, National Forests, Massachusetts", "Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) - Champion Tree, National Forests, Connecticut", "Toward an improved model of maple sap exudation: the location and role of osmotic barriers in sugar maple, butternut and white birch", "North American Maple Syrup Producers Manual", UI Plants: Woody Ornamentals (sugar maple), Historic Photos and Technical Reports Documenting Sugar Maple Research, Interactive Distribution Map for Acer saccharum, Slavery in the British and French Caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_saccharum&oldid=991855308, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2016, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from February 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Astis' ('Steeple') – heat-tolerant, good in southeastern USA, oval crown, 'Caddo' – naturally occurring southern ecotype or subspecies, from, 'Columnare' ('Newton Sentry') – very narrow, 'Fall Fiesta' – tough-leaved, colorful in season, above-average hardiness, 'Goldspire' – columnar with yellow-orange fall color, 'Green Mountain' (PNI 0285) – durable foliage resists heat and drought, oval crown, above-average hardiness, 'Inferno' – possibly the hardiest cultivar, with more red fall color than 'Lord Selkirk' or 'Unity', 'Lord Selkirk' – very hardy, more upright than other northern cultivars, 'September Flare' - very hardy, early orange-red fall color, 'Temple's Upright' – almost as narrow as 'Columnare', 'Unity' – very hardy, from Manitoba, slow steady growth. The best shaft wood has a very consistent grain, with no marks or discoloration. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a common tree in northeastern North America, prized for its wood, its brilliant fall foliage and its sap for … It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture and flooring. When maple trees have no branches within reach, the terminal buds often can be viewed well enough with binoculars to make an identification. Its preferred habitat is rich, moist woodland soils were its saplings can exist for many years in the dark, shady understory until a large canopy tree over head gives way, releasing them to grow into its place. The collected sap is then boiled. The recent year's growth twigs are green, and turn dark brown. Uses: Veneer, lumber, furniture, cabinets, … Grows to 60' to 75', 40'-50' spread. Sugar and Black Maple. Tolerates shade, likes a well-drained, moderately moist, fertile soil. In some parts of New England, particularly near urbanized areas, the sugar maple is being displaced by the Norway maple. In the fall, its palmate leaves put on a spectacular … An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Dec 30, 2012 - Maple Syrup, making maple syrup, and history of sugaring. Especially in young maple trees, I believe bud identification is the best way to differentiate the Norway from the Sugar Maple in the winter. The Sugar Maple Borer lays fertilized eggs on the the Sugar Maple Tree. Identification of the Sugar Maple: Like other maples, Sugar Maples have opposite, lobed leaves.The leaves of the Sugar Maple usually have five squarish, shallow lobes. The wood of Sugar Maple is also important economically because it is used in the construction of furniture, paneling, flooring, veneer, gunstocks, tool handles, cutting blocks, woodenware, sporting goods, bowling pins, and musical instruments. [14] The sugar maple also exhibits a greater susceptibility to pollution than other species of maple. This is a blog about tree branches: what they look like, how they develop, how they differ between species, and how you can use them to identify trees in winter. Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as … The sugar maple is most easily identified by clear sap in the leaf petiole (the Norway maple has white sap), brown, sharp-tipped buds (the Norway maple has blunt, green or reddish-purple buds), and shaggy bark on older trees (the Norway maple bark has small grooves). Britton, N.L., and A. I always thought fall was the best time to ID any tree. Due to its need for cold winters, sugar maple is mostly found north of the 42nd parallel in USDA growing zones 3–5. Sugar maple leaves are three to five inches wide and have five lobes with a round base. Sugar maple’s leaves (pictured below) are the shape that most people associate with maple leaves; they typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. nigrum.. Using the scoring system of circumference in inches plus height in feet plus 25% of crown spread in feet resulted in a total number of 368 points at the National Register of Big Trees. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be … Also, the increased use of salt over the last several decades on streets and roads for deicing purposes has decimated the sugar maple's role as a street tree. In 2007, the year it was submitted, it had a circumference of 5.92 m (233 inches, 19.4 ft) at 1.3 meters above the ground's surface, and thus a diameter at breast height of about 1.88 m (6.18 ft). The sugar maple will generally begin flowering when it is between 10 and 200 years old. In contrast with the angular notching of the silver maple, however, the notches tend to be rounded at their interior. [22], The Mohegan use the inner bark as a cough remedy, and the sap as a sweetening agent and to make maple syrup. Sugar maple trees have dark green leaves that turn red, orange, or yellow in the fall. Learn how to identify sugar maple trees to make maple syrup. In the fall, sugar maple leaves will lose their green color and take on a beautiful orange, yellow, or red. [19], The sapwood can be white, and smaller logs may have a higher proportion of this desirable wood. Sugar maple can tolerate virtually any soil type short of pure sand, but does not tolerate xeric or swampy conditions. Acer saccharum is a deciduous tree normally reaching heights of 25–35 m (80–115 ft),[5][6] and exceptionally up to 45 m (150 ft). For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. This tree had been 123 ft (37.5 m) tall with a crown spread of 86 ft (26.2 m), counting for a total number of 364 points.[26]. Poorly drained areas are unsuitable, and the species is especially short-lived on flood-prone clay flats. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) grows 50 to 80 feet tall and up to 50 feet wide. By Mark Mikolas December 2017 A Beginner's Guide To … It is also widely used in the manufacture of musical instruments, such as the members of the violin family (sides and back), guitars (neck), and drum shells. Acid rain and soil acidification are some of the primary contributing factors to maple decline. In addition, Norway maple produces much larger crops of seeds, allowing it to out-compete native species. Sugar maple, (Acer saccharum), also called hard maple or rock maple, large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. Britton, N.L., and A. Maple Syrup Taps History Of Sugar Tapping Maple Trees Homemade Maple Syrup Sugar Bush Tree Identification Sugaring Wild Edibles Plantation More information ... People also love these … Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. The leaf edge will not have any serrated teeth. In the wild, trees usually have multi-trunk growth habit, with trunks angled. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 04:07. Trees planted by colonial settlers survive to this day, often with large, gnarly trunks and deeply fissured bark. Herein, 30 phenolic … [20] Bowling alleys and bowling pins are both commonly manufactured from sugar maple. Large, reddish buds round to blunt-tipped; 4 or fewer pairs of bud scales visible. This has resulted in a gradual northward migration of the species. The space between the five … There only slight overlap in habitat: silver maple usually grows closer to water and sugar maple on well-drained sites. The leaves are deciduous, up to 20 cm (7.9 in) long and wide,[5] palmate, with five lobes and borne in opposite pairs. A maple with deeply-lobed leaves, named for the silvery color of the backside of its leaves. Maple sugar, red maple have typically 5 lobes and Japanese maple between 5 to 7 lobes. At that time the tree was (34.1 m (112 ft) tall with an average crown spread of 27.7 m (91 ft). Adult beetles emerge in two … The tree likes Sun to half-shade,brown leaf margins indicate a lack of water. Harrisburg. Photo © Yann Kemper, Public Domain . Sugar Maple. This … The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each ha… It’s rough without displaying any overall pattern or symmetry. In the fall the yellow, red and crimson colors of the leaves form a [15][16] The mushroom Pholiota squarrosoides is known to decay the logs of the tree.[17]. Many maple trees live in the forests that line the valley and bluff of the Illinois River. In high-end guitars this wood is sometimes Torrefied to cook out the Lignin resins, allowing the greater stability to climate & environmental changes, and to enhance its tonal characteristics as the instrument's resonance is more evenly distributed across the cellulose structure of the wood without the lignin. North through all of New England, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the Canadian Maritimes. 3 vols. Sugar maple leaves are three to five inches wide and have five lobes with a round base. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Test the tip of a bud with your finger and you’ll find it’s almost sharp! sugar maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum Marshall symbol: ACSA3 Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes, entire margin; green above, paler below. The leaf edge will not have … SUGAR MAPLE (Hard Maple, Rock Maple) RECOGNITION A large tree with a rounded crown, the sugar maple is often branch free for two thirds of it’s height in the forest. Pure stands are common, and it is a major component of the northern and Midwestern U.S. hardwood forests. The leaves have 5 tapered lobes. If the grain is curly, with flame or quilt patterns, it's usually reserved for more expensive instruments. Sugar Maple. In the east, from Maryland southward, it is limited to the Appalachians. Leaves the same color or only slightly lighter on underside. The leaf buds are pointy and brown-colored. A good hint for remembering the tree is to realize that the buds resemble upside down ice cream sugar cones. [18] In maple syrup production from Acer saccharum, the sap is extracted from the trees using a tap placed into a hole drilled through the phloem, just inside the bark. A stylized sugar maple leaf, which is Canada's national symbol, truly reflects its value. Do not plant in confined areas or where salt is a problem. [8][need quotation to verify] Sugar Maple Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) grows 50 to 80 feet tall and up to 50 feet wide. Acer saccharum, the sugar maple or rock maple, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae. This tree is a main component of the Eastern U.S. hardwood … Look closely at the color of the leaves. Bark appearance is most helpful when identifying larger Sugar and Norway Maple trees; however, when these trees’ trunks are less than ten inches in diameter, their bark can look very … Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 … The sugar maple tree grows to a height of 60–75' and a spread of 40–50' at maturity. Each of the largest three lobes has one to several sharp-pointed tips. This not only benefits the tree itself, but also many other plants growing around it. Much smaller terminal buds sharply pointed; 4-8 pairs of bud scales visible. Sugar Maple Tree Identification Sugar maple trees can grow to be 100 feet tall. Red Maple Tree If your tree shows clear sign of showy red flowers between January and March, you can mark it down as a red maple … vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). [3] Sugar maple is best known for being the primary source of maple syrup and for its brightly colored fall foliage.[4]. Syrup production is dependent on the tree growing in cooler climates; as such, sugar maples in the southern part of its range produce little sap. [citation needed] The species is also subject to defoliation when there are dense populations of larvae of Lepidoptera species like the rosy maple moth (Dryocampa rubicunda). The seeds are globose, 7–10 mm (9⁄32–13⁄32 in) in diameter, the wing 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) long. Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United … Climate change has contributed to the decline of the sugar maple by pushing the suitable habitat range for the trees further north, where temperatures are cooler. Sugar maple was a favorite street and park tree during the 19th century because it was easy to propagate and transplant, is fairly fast-growing, and has beautiful fall color. Sugar maple leaves will have a dark green color on the outside, and a lighter green on the underside. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other resources for more precise plant identification . The fruit is a pair of samaras (winged seeds). “Sugar cones” on sugar … It's a slow grower, about 12 inches per year. Medium to dark-green leaves turn yellow, burnt orange or red in fall. Like other maples, its shade tolerance is manifested in its ability to germinate and persist under a closed canopy as an understory plant, and respond with rapid growth to the increased light formed by a gap in the canopy. … [12] Seed germination also requires extremely low temperatures, the optimal being just slightly above freezing, and no other known tree species has this property. It is native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through southern Quebec, central and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods, and northcentral and northeastern United States, from Minnesota eastward to Maine and southward to northern Virginia, Tennessee and Missouri. As with most trees, forest-grown sugar maples form a much taller trunk and narrower canopy than open-growth ones. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per … Sugar maple is a medium to large tree with a large, round crown. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. Forty gallons of maple sap are required to be boiled to produce only 1 gallon of pure syrup. As noted above, however, it proved too delicate to continue in that role after the rise of automobile-induced pollution and was replaced by Norway maple and other hardier species. The shade and the shallow, fibrous roots may interfere with grass growing under the trees. Leaves pointed at lobe tips, but leaf margins smooth between points, often forming U-shaped curves. There are other black and yellow borers that look similar to this one, but they do not use the sugar maple tree. In some trees, all colors above can be seen at the same time. Sugar Maple Tree Identification. sugar maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum Marshall symbol: ACSA3 Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes, entire margin; green above, paler below. See more ideas about tree, tree identification, tree bark. The sugar maple is the state tree of the US states of New York, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Native to North America; common in floodplains and along rivers. The sugar maple is an extremely important species to the ecology of many forests in the northern United States and Canada. Canadian maple, often referred to as "Canadian hardrock maple", is prized for pool cues, especially the shafts. [9][10], Although many people think a red sugar maple leaf is featured on the flag of Canada, the official maple leaf does not belong to any particular maple species; although it perhaps most closely resembles a sugar maple leaf of all the maple species in Canada, the leaf on the flag was specially designed to be as identifiable as possible on a flag waving in the wind without regard to whether it resembled a particular species' foliage.[11]. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. The tiny, wormy larvae burrow into the sapwood of the tree and tunnel their way round. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. The fall color is often spectacular, ranging from bright yellow on some trees through orange to fluorescent red-orange on others. In northern parts of its range, January temperatures average about −18 °C (0 °F) and July temperatures about 16 °C (61 °F); in southern parts, January temperatures average about 10 °C (50 °F) and July temperatures average almost 27 °C (81 °F). Sugar Maple family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. DNR RESPONSE TO COVID-19: For details on adjustments to DNR services, visit this webpage.For information on the state’s response, visit the Department of Health website. Acer nigrum (black maple) is a species of maple closely related to A. saccharum (sugar maple), and treated by some authors as a subspecies of it, as Acer saccharum subsp. The minimum seed-bearing age of sugar maple is about 30 years. Twigs are smooth and reddish-brown with sharp-pointed winter buds. East to the Appalachian Mountains. It is also often used in the manufacture of sporting goods.[21]. Maple syrup yields over $100 million and 4000 seasonal jobs in Vermont alone each year, but the industry may decline as spring climates change and sugar maples become less common at southern … The red maple’s lobes, meanwhile, are separated by serrated, V-shaped valleys. [7] A 10-year-old tree is typically about 5 m (20 ft) tall. Sugar marks usually do not affect how the cue plays, but are not as high quality as those without it. Smaller samaras have more spherical seeds, fused more horizontally at the base. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet … Lobes shallower. Beech-maple dynamics in an old-growth forest in southern Quebec, Canada. Also, the leaf lobes of the sugar maple have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the squarish lobes of the Norway maple. Leaves deeply-cut, with irregularly serrated margins. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) (hard maple, rock maple) is one of our largest and finest forest trees, growing to a height of 80 feet with a diameter of two or more feet. The leaves have 5 tapered … On young trees light gray to brown and somewhat smooth; on older trees gray to almost black with irregular plates or scales. Identifying Norway Maple and Sugar Maple Trees Many maple trees live in the forests that line the valley and bluff of the Illinois River. Sugar maple is best known for its outstanding fall color that is so characteristic of New England states. Light (or loose) clay soils are also well known to support sugar maple growth. In the fall, its palmate leaves put on a … Uses: Veneer, lumber, furniture, cabinets, flooring, pulp General Natural Range: Minnesota south to Arkansas. This tree is a main component of the Eastern U.S. hardwood forest and is one of the trees which is most responsible for giving New England its … It is closely related to the black maple, which is sometimes included in this species, but sometimes separated as Acer nigrum. Large samaras have elongated seeds that meet at a right angle at the base. Brown. This week’s tree is easy to identify by its twig. Typically, maple trees can live healthy lives for up to 300 years, but sometimes they fall prey to illness. Sugar maple is native to areas with cooler climates and requires a hard freeze each winter for proper dormancy. Sugar Maple. 1913. Side buds often nearly as large as terminal buds. The sugar maple is most easily identified by clear sap in the leaf petiole (the Norway maple has white sap), brown, sharp-tipped buds (the Norway maple has blunt, green or reddish-purple buds), and … Maple sap, collected from the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) tree, is boiled to produce the popular plant-derived sweetener, maple syrup, which can then be further evaporated to yield a traditional North American confectionery, maple sugar. [18] Other maple species can be used as a sap source for maple syrup, but some have lower sugar contents and/or produce more cloudy syrup than these two. The red maple’s bark comes in a wide variety of textures, including one that can only be described as “sugar maple.” Bark on a mature sugar maple is irregularly furrowed and ropey. Brown. As its name suggests, sugar maple is what you’re looking for if you want to tap trees for maple syrup. (zones 3-8) The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. … Sugar maple is a deciduous, Missouri native tree which will typically grow 40′ to 80′ tall (sometimes to 100′) with a dense, rounded crown. Each of the largest … Fall color yellow to brownish, but many leaves drop when still green. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Brisson, J., Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., & Leduc, A. The western American bigtooth maple (Acer grandidentatum) is also treated as a variety or subspecies of sugar maple by some botanists. But just a few months ago I learned that identifying sugar maple in spring is easier than I ever imagined. Its role as a species of mature forests has led it to be replaced by more opportunistic species in areas where forests are cut over. Flower: Light yellow-green, small, clustered, hanging from a long, slender (1 to 3 inch) stem, appearing with or slightly before the leaves in early spring. Germination of sugar maple seed in temperatures above 50 °F (10 °C) is rare to nonexistent. Maple is also the wood used for basketball courts, including the floors used by the NBA, and it is a popular wood for baseball bats, along with white ash. Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) Lobes pointed, but leaf margins smooth (not serrated) between points, with U-shaped regions in larger spaces between lobe tips. Side buds much smaller than terminal buds and angle in the direction of the twig. The Sugar Maple is botanically called Acer saccharum . Leaves usually retained on tree until they change color. Side buds much smaller than terminal buds and angle in the direction of the twig. Learning to recognize that particular maple tree along with this particular beetle gives insight into what it happening in that forested area. SUGAR MAPLE (Hard Maple, Rock Maple) RECOGNITION A large tree with a rounded crown, the sugar maple is often branch free for two thirds of it’s height in the forest. Comments: Sugar Maple is a tree of economic importance because it is the source of maple syrup. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Apr 6, 2018 - Explore Steve Ferrick's board "Tree Bark Identification" on Pinterest. Sugar Maple is the quintessential North American maple known for its hard premium wood, gorgeous fall color, and maple syrup, even decorating the national flag of our Canadian neighbors. Which means spring is the ideal time to start preparing for the best maple syrup winter ever. Keys form in drooping clusters with slightly divergent wings. 3 vols. It … The basal lobes are relatively small, while the upper lobes are larger and deeply notched. The way to tell Red Maple and Sugar Maple apart is by the bark. The flowers are in panicles of five to ten together, yellow-green and without petals; flowering occurs in early spring after 30–55 growing degree days. Sugar maple is the second most common tree in the Northeast. Its average life span is 300 years, and it can live up to 500 years. Species of flowering plant in the family Sapindaceae, Tantaquidgeon, Gladys 1972 Folk Medicine of the Delaware and Related Algonkian Indians. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content.
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