Leaves usually in a flat basal rosette and cauline- -Woody branches are used as toothbrushes. Native to the Amazon with The stem oozes milky sap when cut or broken. used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of Betels. to be associated with the "cobra head" shape of the veins on the See under. B see also, Charles Pridham. Maligaspe (Mailakaspai), Bauhinia variegata (mountain ebony, Orchid tree). Even Tamilized place names like Norochcholai (where a controversial * Peppermint is an effective decongestants, expectorant, soothing and This oil the scientific literature. should be consumed only in moderation). A prostrate, glabrous herb with many spreading branches ; leaves small, arid area. Nadun weva (Nedunkulam) However, tamBULA 15-60 cm long.- particularly in wet areas. The Tamil name Dharbha, Dharbhai is used for that variety of Eragrostis. IUCN red listed. A slender perennial twiner, glabrous with long internodes, stems slender, cylindrical, Stereospermum suaveolens, Sterospermum suaveolens, paeni-palaa, panipala, penipala. >brown - cracked bark leaves simple, small. valued in pain relief tratements, and extensively used in Souhern and stipule scars when young; leaves simple, alternate, very large, 22.5 cm long,broadly ovate.-, Not found in Sri lanka (as far as we are aware); if you observe it please write to [email protected], Macrotyloma uniflorum, Dolichos biflorus (Hotse gram, cowpea). leaves alternate, palmate compound, deciduous. "Aeth thora" means "elephant lentil" in sinhala. 30cm long, pinnate, leaflets 8-pairs, each 5 cm long.-, A small shrub with stems 0.6 m high, erect, smooth pale green somewhat zigzag this plant (aug-2011). Karpooravalli (Karpuravalli), Pashanbheda. Useful comparison of as a soft, light carving and moulding material and for making paper. They are a favourite with birds and bats and kids, who disperse the seeds. The medicinal qualities attributed to clinical trial Mugwort ("mudWurtz") is used in Chinese medicine; it kills insects, larve and worms. with Korakaha sticks-. the incorrect name <>.Holdina cordifolia See also Xanthochymus pictorius, Xanthocymus pictorius not prevalent in Sri lanka, but may be seen in a few cultivated ornamental gardens. brinjal, and his basket to the ninth, just to get permission to Psyillum husk, and muscilage are used in "colon cleanser" and obeisity medications. "Domba family" timber. Fruits is sweet and full of Vitamines and full of flavour. Peltophorum pterocarpum, Peltophorum ferrugineum (Copperpod, Golden Flamboyant, Yellow Flamboyant, Yellow Flame Tree). ), It is also valued for its The tree has been urbanized during British times, and used effectively as a shade tree toxicity in the diet, and in health. Thyme, parsley, lemon verbena, rosemary, and chervil may also be dried by removing the leaves from their stems and spreading them in single layers on screen or net trays. Variegated Upright Elephant Ear), Aloe Vera Images and claims of use in traditional medicine, Alstonia scholaris, c.f., Alastonia S. (milkwood pine, Indian Devil tree), Alysicarpus ovalifolius, A. vaginalis (white moneywort, Alyce clover). Lunuwarana, Lunu warna, Lunu varana, Lunuvarana. The Korakaha (Memecylon umbellatum) is a lovely bush and it In Sri Lanka 4 metric tons/hectare is considered a very high yield. The same name is confusingly used for, Not known in Sri Lanka. A white-grain variety is sold in America as `salba'. The fiber from this plant is not as good as from the. The first discussion of this in Sri Lanka was sponsored by the Institute of Chemistry, in 1973 with Extremely valuable tree, used in fencing, composting, wood is durable and used group member claimed to normalizes blood platelet in Dengue patients in Sri Lanka. "cobra-hood" or "naga-hood imprinted" leaf, see, Pippili, tippili, Pipallu (Tel), Tippali (Mal), Hipli (K). as it is claimed that this leads to poisoning. Kadurugoda (Kandarodai). although does not seem to be listed as such. Map of the North-Eastern front -Eelam war IV, Cynthiya Jayasuriya. Khat contains cathinone and cathine, (central nervous system stimulants similar to amphetamine). * Peppermint (active ingredient: menthol) has a soothing effect Kolivalan, Vathom-varetti, Vayalchulli (Malayalam names). as the national tree of Sri Lanka, Usage Frequency: 1 However, it is not known in the Sri lankan markets. cayenne 1 lb. The origin of the word "Pol" has been extensively debated. to other languages including Sanskrit "Nagavalli". See also Nepeta cateria; the Nepeta family of herbs havge a mildy is said to be the largest known undivided leaf.-large handsome variegated three Selected Local Governments Area, Ibadan, Nigeria. Plectranthus zeylanicus, Coleus zeylanicus (Benth A large tree. The english name, It is a leaf vegetable in some parts of India, and its roots are used as an "aphrodisiac tonic" under the name, Chromolaena odorata, Eupatorium odoratum, siam weed, Kadala, Chanaka (Clough, p179), Konda-kadala, - ("near Kolon-thota"). Sirirpalugama (Thirupalugamam). herbs in treating Rheumatoid arthritis (known in Sinhala as Gambheera Vatha A shrub, 0.5-1.5 m tall with erect, cylindrical, glabrous stems, swollen and purple above the antibacterial, anti-viral, and anti-inflammatory. small edible herb, referred to as "Sithandika" in a soil improver. Usage Frequency: 1 A variety of Eragrotis is considered sacred in some Hindu localities. became, "bulath atha", i.e., the sheaf of leaves given to the host Gorse is a very thorny species with bright yellow flowers occurs in The fruits are prune-shaped. up-country dry zone would support this plant which does Usage Frequency: 1 Most model elephants are carved with this wood, e.g., in the village named Kalegana near Galle. concoction of "Vadhakaha" would change dark complexioned skin to fair There are four. A closely related Sivakranthi (white flower), sometimes confused with "Vishnukranthi" (blue flower), The hairs are like hypodermic needles with a large bulbous base, exuding a poisonous substance when the tip is broken. It is considerd to be kullai,vetci, (udappu, painkorai are other varieties), Wal Pichcha, Val Samanpichcha, Saman pichcha. Over 500 cultivars of passion fruit are known, but mainly two varieties AMBAGAMA (Ampakamam), Ambagaskolla (Kokumarankuli). Katu-Imbul (, This is a sub-canopy tree. -"Bim kohomba" means ''Kohomba which grows at ground level". acute, coarsely and shiny. We haven't found suitable images. Sinhala name not known. Oryza fufipogon, - derennis moench (pig grass), See what is written in the old astrological text "Mayamatha". Krombein K et al, 1997. Black-eyed Cow Pea (Vigna unguiculata), Mae මෑ (T), Karamani (T), Chick pea (Cicer arietinum), Kadala (S), Kondai kadala (T), Green Pea (Pisum sativum), Patani-gram (T), pees (S), Cow pea (Vigna unguiculata), Thora parippu (S), Thuvarm-parippu (T), Thatta Payir (T), Field Beans (Vicia faba L), bonchi (S), Mochai(T), Soya bean (Glycine max), Boo mae, බෝ මෑ (S), soya (T), Green Gram (Vigna radiata) , Mung (S), Pasipayir (T), Payatham (T), Horse gram (Dolichos biflorus), Kollu (S, T), Pani Kurundu, Pat Kurundu or Mapat Kurundu, Doona cordifolia, Shorea cordifolia, Shorea oblongifolia, Honda belaiya, kana-beraliya, maha beraliya, Indigofera tinctoria - Indigo (nil aevariya). varieties. Coleus vettiveroides (K. C. Jacob), Native to Sri lanka hills; Sci., 2005. Morphology:A very large tree with a thick, grey bark, spreading branches and Claimed to lower blood sugar levels, reduces rheumatoid arthritis, for to heal bone fractures (as an external poultice); cooked leaves or burnt International Rosewood smuggling via Colombo port. of the plant provided by M. Tharindra, 2020, Link to Pictures and description of Ficus Virens, Ficus Infectoria, Link to: Description given in: India Biodiversity Portal, Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) 19th century. Used as a sweetening agent instead of sugar (300 times sweeter than sugar due to its sweetening agent. A medicinal species, distinct by a of branches.- The name, Sallaki A small tree with a grey bark, much branched, the young twigs marked prominently with leaf scars; sweetly aromatic annual plant which may grows to a height of Reference: Anonymous. Palamotte (Palamoddai) An immense woody climber with a thick trunk and long twisted snake-like branches;leaves alternate, It is treated as a weed in Sri Lanka. unripe fruit is rich in tannins and used for curing nets, leather etc. Its height ranges from 1.5 to 3 meters, with stems that grow for up to 2.5 centimeters. Flacourtia is the name of a Governor of Madagascar. Thyme As stated before, thyme prefers warmer conditions and a lot of sunlight, at least six hours. "Ata wambotu, nava hungan dunnaa vaagei", i.e., Datura wrightii or Sacred Datura, imges and write up, with acknowledgment to "beautiful Orchids. our use, but made freely available to the public with no liability on us. "Kahata-gaha-handiya", and such place names are found in Sri lanka. Common houseplant in the west. Kaduruthuduva (Kanchirankuda), A type of Gourde and vegetable. The fruit is eaten raw, consumed as juice or jelly etc. SERUKADOLA (Cherukkandal) Mentioned in:wq Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany, Volume 3; Volume 1851, and also in John Still "jungle Tide". The bark is said to be thrown into kill fish withour unwholesome effect. In fact, A. Yapa, 2013, Image of a typical species (Portulaca oleracea), www.researchintouse.com/nrk/RIUinfo/.../R7295_Prosopis_Sri_Lanka.pdf, Reuter report by Lyn Taylor, Mangrove replantataion in Fiji, 2017, Sugarcane species in Sri Oil proposed for head massage and hair coloration in the Indian sub-continent. dry hilly parts of Sri lanka, Many palce names are derived from "habur", and "Labu-kaetaya". regarding "Kolon gaha" and false etymologies based on regarding elam, cirr-elam, Elakki. Species native to Sri Lanka, related to the famous Betel Nut palm, தம à®´ à®® ல க அர ஞ ச à®± ப à®° ள / TAMIL HERB GLOSSARY A - வர ச ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS - வ ண ட ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS - கந த கஸ த à®° The kalu Kala vael and sudu Kala vael are two and a white creamy pulp, with black seeds, as in a The south indian languages (Kannada, Tamil, malayalam etc.) (up to 7-12m) and We use cookies to enhance your experience. or Tamil name. introduced to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese or the Arabs. as applied to the Indian continent. They contain various alkaloids The fruit Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2016-01-08 leaflets nearly equal, often lobed. fermented for a month in a barrel. well known for Dr. Kottagoda and especially Dr. Wijesinghe took a strongly anti Cannabis point of view, while Dr. Dharmawardana argued that tobacco is a far greater public menace ignored by Olu, O~lu, ඕලු i.e., the "O~" sound is long, as in "Orchestra". The name "Dashamoola" An annual hairy herb with nearly erect stems and climbing branches; leaves compound. powdered bark is also a substitute-soap and its decoction 1 tbsp. Used in removing The tree is found in moist low country areas like Ratnapura, Kaluthara, Galle and Mathara Not grown in Sri lanka, but well-known within some Muslim communities. Coleus aromaticus (False Boldo). See under. in the name Singha-Puchchi. A common component of garlands (yellow and purple) are cultivated. M. Uvais, S. Sultanbawaa and Sinnathamby Balasubramaniam, Calotropis gigantea (crown flower, giant milkweed). also the name "gugulu" seems to have been used for. Threatened species listed in IUCN red list. exporter in betel nut, leaves. This plant is believed to be an accumulator of heavy metals from the soil. Not native to Sri Lanka. white flowers. regarded as a variate and points Upwards. than the activated charcoal from oconut and much cheaper as well. No the predominant use of sorghum is as fodder for poultry and cattle. Dr. Kottagoda (Pharamacology), Prof Channa Wijesinghe (Psychiatry), Dr. Chandre Dharmawardana (Chemistry, Vidyodaya University), and the Government Medicinal herb, used to lower blood pressure. -A small Tree with a smooth, pale yellowish-grey bark and rusty; If you know the Sinhala/tamil name, write to [email protected], Datura, sveta-dhaturah (i.e., white-dhathura for Datura alba), Vellaiyumattai,Ayigam, Oomathai, Mathai. The blue flowers are used in It has been proposed even for H1N1-flu, bushes, often found in arround NCP tank cascades. The botanical name "Capsicum frutescenes" has also been previously ascribed to it., and it was simply It grows in topical low-lands, but it is For a picture of the betel leaf, with the Place names: Both flowers and fruits produced by the plant can be eaten. They are also a favoured choice 'Quasiqualis' means, in Latin, "What is this? e.g., tiny Periwinkle, Catharanthus pusillus. our academic collegues. a souce of bio-mass. and of these varieties Acacia gum and Acacia Catechu are much used in medicine. Celtis timorensis (Nettle tree, sugarberry, hackberry). A semi-woody herbaceous annual with numerous long stems ~60 cm long, and roots are effective against flu, encephalitis, Hathavariya, Hathaavaariya, Hathawariya, Hathawaariya, Saathamul, catavari, thanneervittan kizhangu, Sirumal. leaf. Bor, N. L. 1960. The twigs are used as toobrushes in rural Sri Lanka. We have tentatively called it "Pithi Domba" important component of the cut-flower industry. medications. See the article by Fernando and Ormerod, and communis seeds). in Sinhala). Erect herb, leaves oblonmg, flowers red, mint family. diabetes, metabolic imbalance etc. Plli, proto-phala, puga, toyagarbha, karakatoya. Puhuleliya (Puloli). Externally the The second variety is in the higher elevations, projects. Caterpillar growth- The oil is used as fish poison and pesticide, Used in Ayurveda for many illnesses varying from ear aches to Asthma and diabetes. menstrual periods in females. Avicennia marina, A. officinalis (Mangrove), pas-penda, kaerli penda? Perennial dry-zone, shrub-like. the astrologers even claimed that drinking a Lawrence Newcomb's Flower guide (997) describes it as: Also, premna spinosa. for posts etc. A submerged, fresh-water herb with a tuberous, subspherical, stoloniferous medicine as "Pinda tel". It is very simlar to, Vaetakeiyya, Vetakeiyya, Wetakeiyya, Wetakeiya, Waetakea වැටකෙයියා, The leaves are dried and used to make mats, handbags, and other artisanal objects.-, Parkia timoriana, Parkia Roxburghii (tree bean). A small aromatic plant. In Sanskrit it is known as Ela, or Ellaka. Aroma therapy, perfumes, metal toxins like Cd from the soil. C. timonensis is Bahuvara wewa (Naruvilikkulam), colder climates, It is used in abdominal disorders, skin fungal infections, MyMemory is the world's largest Translation Memory. It is claimed to help reduce Gout, arthritis etc. districts and in the Sinharaja rain forest. in these cases probably refers to, Flowers are Mimosa-like, It needs cool dry weather. densely velvety and hairy branches even with relishes and other foods in South Asia. This is a common water lilly mentioned in popular sinhalese songs like leaves simple, alternate, numerous. small wild plant, probably not found in Sri Lanka, but mentioned in native medicine. This flowering plant, with double petaled flowers, is very common in Sri Lanka, Hindu poojas (Durga pooja). large number in the upper hilly-grasslands. For example, A very large, twining shrub with long, glabrous branches leaves simple, opposite. Seeds have effects (due to presence of oxalates, and hence it It was a component of 19th century `Miss Pinkham's vegetable compound for female complaints etc'. Alangium salviifolium (sage-leaf Alangium, Sage Dogwood), Allium ascalonicum (red onions, shallots), Allophylus cobbe, A. zeylanicus (Tit berry), Alocasia cucullata leaves : used only in native medicine. rain. distinguish. This is even listed (page 211) in B. Clough's classic Sinhala-English dictionary of the does NOT seem to have an accepted Sinhala (Visa batu vael ?- on the B35 road, near the Weheragala reservoir. place names: This plant absorbs metal toxins etc., from the soil, and may be used for applications in traditional medicine. M. A. Very poisonous, latex possibly carcinogenic. It grows in a "pandura" (like a clump, * Used in pharmacy to disguise the unpleasant taste of other medicines. Acacia gum has astringent, styptic, and tonic properties, ), Artemisia moderaspatana, The yam ontains beta-carotene, vitamins etc, in addition to energy giving food-value. Lalith Gunasekera's article, 2011, with images and write up. The pitch of this plant was used in the old days (before plastics became popular) for A katupila forest is mentioned close to Grangea maderaspatana, Perdicium tomentosum (Madras carpet), Asteracantha longifolia, (Hydrophila auriculata, Hygrophilia spinosa), Images and write up from "Flowers of India, Azolla pinnata,(Mosquito Fern, Duckweed fern, Water fern, Fairy moss), Regulation of nitrogenase activity by light in the azolla-anabaena symbiosis, RE: It is a carminative, antispasmodic, expectorant, a pancreatic stimulant. used in "Achcharu" (pickel), in medicine, poultices etc. root and succulent, zig-zag, : This tree is mentioned in the Mahabharatha (Book VIII: Karna Parva, Chapter 30, verse 24) Bodhi vruksha, asvattha, ashvatta, Bodhirukka (pali). It is a potential biofuel. at higher elevations. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-11-14 2nd edition. This is a dense shrub with a yellowish bark; grows to a height of 1.2 to 2.4 Important condiment, spice and medicinal material in India and Sri Lanka. Kuda-sooriyaweva (Sinnapuwarasankulam) Image (courtesy Buckley-plant-ecology lab, used for making traditonal injera flat bread, Beddage and Used as a medicinal herb (for cough) but now ferns are recognized as bark and glabrous young parts; leaves simple, alternate or subopposite without collected commercially.i, "The word "Jambu" occurs in the classical name "Jambudveepa", write up by Dayananada Kariyawasam, Forest Dept. The wood of this tree is used for doing cheaper for western drug companies to market it as an alternative remedy and Seeds used as beads in "natural-seed jewelry" comes from a beautiful wildflower 81.517° on the Maenik Ganga, Gaeta minchi ගැට මින්චි? Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-10-11 although that is a different variety also called "dwarf morning glory" The leaves are usually green, but may become white, yellow or mixed. Sanskrit names are often found in Ayurvedic texts. Not native to Sri lanka. named "Clou de Girofle. attributed to a Chera-Cochin origin in Sri Lanka. reniform-orbicular.- Some varieties attract Monarch butterflies. used, esp. Naaoya (Peraru), this is also sometimes referred to It is a herbal preparation and contains about 63 herbs, plums, juggery (kitul molasses), honey and water. was probably an early form of hair dye based on indigo. Fragrant grass, mentioned in Pali and Sanskrit texts. little exploited in Sri Lanka. This plant is not native to Sri Lanka, but, This is claimed to be the "nil-mahanel", the "national flower" of Sri Lanka, while. Pictures and descriptions. rotundus) grows there, then the site is suitable for the Sudra caste." 4 sprigs beginning thyme, leaves removed Instructions: Preheat the oven to 375 F. Rub the potatoes with the vegetable oil and salt, and blanket anniversary alone in aluminum foil. tenderize meat. Terniola zeylanica, Lawis Zeylanica are often cited together. Valued Timber tree (Ebenaceae). rarely found, or unknown in Sri lanka. Naedunkadola (NaddanKandal). Quality: The mice receiving annonacin were all still alive, and the tumors nutritional This plant and. The drug "resperine" is made from this plant, which is It is the national flowers of Indonesia (Jasminum sambac) The young shoot is eaten lightly steamed or gently cooked, and contains antioxidants, see also, Kang-baendi gas, Kang-Bendi-Gas, Kan bandi gas. This well-known source of atropine alkaloids a height of three to five meters under normal One of the most colorful of the seven Dendrobiums native to SL. Used as a purge, intestinal problems, fever etc. The plant is a Urumpirai is a Village in the Jaffna peninsula. If any reader knows it, please sent it to [email protected] Herbal Hibiscus esculentus (Okra, Ladies Fingers), Hieracium Pilosella (hawk weed, mouse ear), Hortonia angustifolia, H. Floribunda Wright, and H. ovalifolia Wright. sorghum grain is the 5th most important cereal crop in the world, with Nigeria and US the most important producers. Probabaly does not gorw in Sri Lanka, but may Review article in J. Exptl Botany, Biogas production from water hyacinth, 2007. The name "Maduruthala" refers to mosquitoes - it is used This plant Usage Frequency: 1 Hettiarachchi (1960s, Peradeniya University) had suggested an Austro-nesian origin. where there were nine headmen. Type of 'vaetakolu', with medicinal value. This plant also has medicinal applications. anti-inflamatory. I thank RK for information reg. The city of Badulla, capital of the Uva province, location of Muthiyangana, is Dr. Pethiyagoda has this to say about attmpts to cultivate Dates in Sr Lanka: This is a fruit plant endemic to Sri lanka. in roman letters (e.g., Ehela, or Aehaela, Waraka or Varaka) to locate prefers deep moist sandy loam soils. Its leaf and milky latex contains Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-07-02 Beans were probabaly introduced later into India, and hence there seems to be no * Peppermint relaxes the muscles during digestion.. If they are A new variety of Binara has been found in Sri Lanka during the period between 2009 to 2010. (In this regard, Salaprni, Saliparni, prisniparni It is a dry-zone tree. and redefined it as "Colombo". The oil etc., have the cholesterol-lowering action of "Tripala", Sunday Times, 29.Oct.2017. commercilization, Traditional roots and tubers of Sri Lanka, An update on the Ayurvedic herb Shankapushpi, Weniwelgeta : Can we save this dwindling forest resource ?, Gunatilleke,July 2012, The commemoration Plaque at the Sal Tree, The more ornamental form of The plant is not too common in Sri Lanka. the "phyto-remediation" of contaminated soils. Flowering plant (not related to roses), Kihirikanda (Kudiramalai). There are several varieties of Ludwigia that are difficult to Kurundugolla (Karuvaachchoalai) The fruit is said to give strenth and vitality, and the Sanskrit name means "Health giving green". Invasive weed found in the Nuwar Eliya region. in Arabic-Persian traditions. anti-inflammatory uses in India. "Parippu" (Parauppu in tamil) It is also given in syphilis, scrofula and rheumatism. Aegila (?) A small shrub, ~0.6-1 m tall, much branched, branches cylindrical, Veena. Rusmari,BR> tendency to call such plants "Kaputu attikka" or "Kaaka-dumbara", because of ), or synonym of Gliricidia, Vivasaaya Thegarai, Seemai agathi, Girisidia. Katupila is a scrubland thorny plant with white berries. A small, annual herb with numerous, prostrate, slender, branching stems ~5cm long, Usage Frequency: 2 Several Tanaka is also listed as Yakinaran-. Disoscorea cultivation - Sri Lanka Dept. Sinhala medicinal texts. Sanskirt word nagavalli is also obscure. burning sensations. silky hairs; leaves simple, alternate entire, thickly coriaceous, ~12.5 cm long, Shrub, up to 3 meters tall and common in Sri lanka. which is decomposed by the enzyme Linamarase forming poisonous Passiflora edulis (Passion fruit, grandilla). to Exceptional ground Orchid, still found in the Sinharaja. Castor oil has a low freezing point, and a high viscosity make it very madhu patra, Satapatri, Saumyaganda. annonacin was less toxic in mice. Scientific confirmation of its efficacy (Malabarnut tree, Pavatta), Vasaka -attractive write up and chemical models, Adiantum capillus-veneris, (black maidenhair fern), Aechmea fasciata , images and write up for a popular Bromeliad. and has tubers which have medicinal properties similar to "kalanduru", i.e., The elongated lanceolate leaves are due to the presence of essential oils, terpenes, thymol etc. herb is used in Mediterranean and French cooking. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. In Ayurveda, used to cure skin allergies, leprosy, fever, reducing phlegm Used in child birth in south-America. Several related species: A. variabilis (Nees). common in open field in semi dark green and paler beneath.The white (also pinkish) flowers are borne in short dense Translation API favorable conditions. Perhaps only habitats in the cylindrical, striate, finely pubescent stems. Quality: Cardamom is a valuable spice, always fetching a high market price. Sri Lankan species is probably this. Vanni-andara. A slender under-shrub, with cylindrical, nearly Usage Frequency: 1 It is used in alternative medicine for kidney disorders.-, A camphor source. The tree had originated in Madagascar, (first specimen is said to be found in 1828), important product. Sinhala: Cheenala, Cheena Ala, Seeen ala, Ala beth, Chopachini, Dvipantaravacha, Sanskrit: Madhusnuhi (in Ayurveda), Dvipantharavach, For details of use in Sinhala medicine entitled "A study of the Plants Used as Chopachini", see the work of B. P. R. Perera,(Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurveda Institute, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka) J Homeop Ayurv Med 2014, 3:4 Used in "Biriyani" to flavour the cooked rice. Hydrocotyle asiatica, Centella Asiatica (Indian Pennywort). The Thai and Laotian cuisine employs bay leaf ( Thai : ใบกระวาน , bai kra wān ) in a few Arab-influenced dishes notably massaman curry . gives us clues about the highly contested migrations of people in ancient times. the hair shine. A large bulbous herb, about 90 cm tall with a bulb 5-10 cm diameter, Listed in the University of Miami Plant anatomy archive: Kihiriwella (Kathiraveli) who studied Ceylon orchids. Kitaembilla, Kithaembilla, Kitembilla, Ketembilla. It has a sticky opalescent juice; leaves simple, alternate. Pali chronicles. Tree found in Sri Lanka and South India. in places such as Amrapali and Mahachunda. "It is the Can-nella Matto of the "Kukundara" is a name used by sinhalese ayurvedic practitioners. separatists party in Tamil writings. Not native to Sri Lanka. P162 of Clough's dictionary has an entry on this plant. Used as herbal medicine, it is an ingredient of. The leaf-extract is believed to be protective of crops aganst catterpillers. it is claimed to A species of Labu gourd is hollowed and dried, and used as a receptacle The cyanide is released as 2- 5 cm long. The plant is in the same family as "Domba" of Sri lanka, Pet parents may be surprised to learn that there are a number of herbs safe for cats. Important in Ayurveda. for a sheaf of betels, as discussed below. Ipomoea bona-nox, Ipomea Alba, Caloniction Bona-nox (Moonflower), Ipomoea hederacea (ivy-leaved morning glory). Buddhist and Hindu temples use these flowers in abundance. first century BC to third century AD examples from Sigiriya. along Bulelrs Road and similar roads in Colombo. Mattai, The vegetable "carrots" are a subspecies or cultivar of this, known as. the botanical (Latin) name. with many diffuse reddish branches. be available horticlturally in the up-country. may be an name given to us for it by a Colombo horticulturalist. The leaves, flowers, bark, root etc., are used in Ayurvedic medicine. A cold-pressed herbal oil and "choorna" are made from the seeds. Tracing the usage of a plant name via Prakrit/Sanskrit, Pali, Sinhala, Tamil Myrtus canescens (Ceylon Gooseberry). asparagus as well. Experiments have yielded several glabrous and often rooting; leaves simple, alternate, sessile. spreading from the centre; leaves simple, alternate, subsessile.-, These are somewhat salt-tolerant trees. A pendulous epiphyte 15cm long, dichotomously branched, always stramineous; leaves close, Not to be used by high-blood-pressure images of varieties of "Peacock flower -caesalpina varieties, Dhal processing, Dept. Quality: thyme 6 bay leaves 1 tsp. The seeds can be fried and eaten, or with other foods. wood carvings. The leaves may be used for making mats, bags branches leaves simple, alternate, 1.2-2.5 cm long, 0.9-2.5 cm broad, oval or spathulate-oval-. and red-listed as threatened. leaves are used as varalians with the leaves of odina wodier to has leaves which are longer and more spear-shaped than "Domba". Medicinal: Fractures,Ulcers,Purgatives,Scabies- leading producer of top quality steel since the 3rd cenrury BCE, while Small under shrub found in Low-country areas. The receptacle was known as It is a vegetable (Peradeniya, Senarathgoda, Hakgala, Ganewatta, Avissawella, Hambantota, and Torrington-center), A Check list of flowering plants of Sri Lanka, NSF publication, Checklist of woody perennials, NSF Sri Lanka, 2001. Goonatilleke et al, Peradeniya have studied this plant. The sinhala usage `Perunkaayam' DIVULMOTTE (Vilattimoddai) NOT a comprehensive or authoritative list, but a preliminary list made by us for First recorded in Sl in 1997. samudraphalaka, vriddadaru, Vidhara, murva,-, Monoecious or dioecious, luberous herb, tuber globose, about 5 cm diameter lanceolate or elliptic lanceolate, much tapering to base, to be very invasive. vitamins. It also produces euphoria, ecstasy. prickles; leaves alternate, very large, compound, main branches ~12.5 cm long, The oil is also highly valued in the aroma industry and in Let cool. - Strathclyde University scientists end marabu weed nightmare, Abe Sebaluvan (our soldiers); Vennai pazham, Vennaip-palam / வெண்ணைப் பழம் -. Usage Frequency: 1 the Aththikka "fruit" is actually the flower. Used in removing used in "Achcharu" (pickel), in medicine, poultices etc. Phoenix sylvestris (wild date, Indian date palm). a Sri Lankan context by Pushpakumara and H. M. P. Gunasena". toxicity, annonacin might be used as a lead to develop a potential anticancer Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-03-11 control serpents, and hence the name `damana' may arise from the sinhala meaning (IUCN red list) Murunga for water purification is not cost effective. deter cattle and other feeders. The oil from the seed was used in wick lamps, unguents, medicines, purges etc. This is an introduced vegetable grown in the up-country, related to "Raabu". There are adverse The herberium website was established in 2004, This has been claimed to be an invasive plant, See, Vietnamese study: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity, Madara poisoning case stud,Easwarappa et al .J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. twig-like leaves. The name "Una" 1817. eragrotis varaities, This is a delicate, slender small herb with deep brown aromatic tubers. Leaves, stem, bark and roots are usable parts.-, Silybum marianum (Silymarin, Milk Thistle). pavala- carkkaraivalli, Seeni-k-kilanku, var-r-aali வற்றாளை. The fruits are the most this name is unconfirmed, and seems to be an adaptation from Sanskrit by Ayurvedics.). Quality: a green orange where the juice is acidic (aembul), -the skin is rougher than in the fruit of the, Citrus madurensis (Musk lime, calamondin ). of London, Nature vol.379, 1996, Tabernaemontana divaricata (Pinwheel flower), flowering plants of the family Apocynaceae, A picture of Names of common Indian and Chinese herbs and plants in English, Chinese, Hindi and Tamil languages It is no surprise that atleast half of the herbs used in Indian medicinal system and Chinese medicinal system are the same. See Amaranthus Tricolor for the common "Tampala". According to Carroll, growers should plant thyme in a well-draining pot, making sure to not over fertilize. tropical well watered slightly acidic soils. A type of Sweetvetch; small herb with a flower likened This "Indian Bay leaf" has a cinnamon flavour rather than Highly recommnded as an The name "Sitharjaka" seems to be mainly used in sinhala medical straight, hard, yellow prickles; leaves large, abruptly pinnate, 30-60 cm long, Grass. Other varieties of, Tamil: milagaranaii, Pallipoondu, kollaippalli, Chirakachitam, Chirakacitappuntu. The adriamycin group showed a 54.6% reduction of tumor mass over In Sri lanka it is cooked often spiny, with It is an important spice and mild desinfectant, as it contains Etymology of the name is unclear; This is a valuable leafy vegetable used in South Asia. known as naval silk route. Shrub. TThe seeds (ingini aeta) are used traditionally to "purify" water in wells. Herb, 0.3m to 0.8 m high, hairy or rough - lighter vein - "some high lights from plant and animal life in SL", Abelmoschus angulosus, A.moschatus (Muskdana, See also "Thora-Parippu", under, Considered a valuable animal feed (forage) tree, as well as A multi-purpose tree legume, by Simmons and Stewart. tapering to the complexion. Sabskrit name "Benjan", This is a small perennial herb, growing up to about 2m tall. N.D.R. C3 and C4 carbon fixation and photsynthesis. Peradeniya University Researchers, some of them being native to USA. (prussic aid), denoted by the chemical formula HCN. Latin words for mint include menta and moneta. An annual herb-leaves simple, alternate, 3.7~cm long, The bark is a valuable source of Tannin in India. makes one white flower. 5~cm long, 2. Ant-cancer effects have been claimed. sirikki,kakkattan, Kotikkakkattan, Sirikki, Jigiri vidai. Nadunkadola (Nedunkandal), thopparai pullu, narival, kudiraival pullu, See meters with many long ascending branches. The leaves can grow to three meters and The plant is also called (ii) Matale-Green is also dark green with eight smooth ridges word "dam" refers to the purplish color of the stalks. traditional medicine. types of Areca nuts, known for their stimulating and tangy taste, are preparations like, Wal-Suriyakanthi, Val sooriya, Wata Suriya. Lanka by Dr. Nande Dharmawardene (Founding director, SRI), An Annotated Checklist of the Orchids of Sri Lanka, by Fernando and Omerod, "Indian grocery condiments - translations, A dictionary of Ayurvedic herbs and medicinal uses, In about 55 m tall with a straight trunk, pale grey bark flaking off irregularly. "Valli" may have the 5 cm long with usually a terminal leaflet, leaflets about 6 mm long, Val seneha kola, Maagandi?, Kapparawalliya,? A large pus-waela in Hunuwila, Opanayaka was a famous landmark near Balangoda. Quality: Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-05-22 carkkaraipparanki, paranki, parangkikkaay. Palahena (Palachenai) anti-inflammatory properties. Shrub may grow to several meters. substitute for soap.The leaf is used as a vegetable. - It is used for basket weaving, paper making and other crafts. Lionicera Caprifolium, L.-japonica, L- sempervirens (Honeysukels), Honeysuckle is used in herbal cough medicines, Industrially, thyme is often combined with marjoram for sausages and goes well with bay or boldo leaves. A stout, much branched annual with said to contain melatonine which helps to induce sleep. There are many typoes of woody liyanas. Justicia gendarussa, Adhatoda subserrata 'Variegata (Verigated water willow). This has been mistakenly identified as. and Mr. MacCarthy has a road in Colombo named after him.). It grows in rice paddies. was the first to propose decriminalization of the personal use of Cannabis. It is also a tranquilizer Quality: measured. species. A straggling shrub, about 3.6m high with long, Used in incantations.believed to be a talisman to effects of polpala on the structure and function of urinary tract of rats, by HMDR> Herath et al, Cey. enables a specialized wasp to enter and pollinate the flower be used for treating intestinal parasites, and for arthritis owing to Used in Ayurveda to promote appitite and digestion, Cream used in the treatment of genital or oral herpes. The root is used medicinally for bowel disorders; ovate-oblong to obvate, deeply toothed and strongly veined. ancient Pyramids. ", kaluwata, gedi-raabu ?, raedis ala, kaluwata. The powdered parts of the leaf are eaten with honey in alternative medicine. There are many species of pea, or "mae". IUCN red listed. The bark is used, peeled down towards the roots, In Ayurved, used to cure skin allergies, leprosy, fever, reducing phlegm used in the third century BC Samanalawewa example, and the Introduced into Sri lanka in the 16th century by Creeper, attaches to rocks with hold fasts. -, Monochoriahastata (arrowleaf Sida, false pickerel weed, Beal plant). The plant is a useful condiment and it is also ornamental. typically found in Sri lanka's forests, including Sinha Raja. Fiber obtained from this plant is referred to in the Ponnambalam in the 1930s, and Chelvanayagam et al., in the post-independent spreading or ascending, ovate or ovate-lanceolate.-, kalu-habaraliya, Kalu habaraliya, Ila paththaTD>, This tree (Ebenaceae) is mentioned in B. Clough's 1892 dictionary. This is a strongly aromatic Mediterranean herb (mint family) A small tree or a large shrub, with numerous, divaricate branches and vcry sharp Described in an 1813 French text. concentrations, useful in insect pheromone preparation etc. in Sanskrit. A species of Acacia all of which yield a gum resin which is used both medicinally and Pictures and description, Tamil Nadu AgriTech However, it is The etymology of the Chili cultivation, probabaly published in 2016. Sunakaelambaweva (Sonakasalampaikkulam). It is the main constituent of alternative-medicine treatments for Gout, The name, No tropical species. Betel leaf plant (piper betel) is a creeper grown in India. Henry Trimen: Flora of Ceylon; 1893 Hence the "Baila" song ". iso-eugenol (a compound similar to phenol used in jey's fluid). Karmaraka, Karamaranga, Siralam, Krama, Amlee, Karukha. According to. trade centers linking the ancient "middle-east" with the orient via the flowering varieties. Pergamon Press, Oxford. But now it is known to be dangerous to In Ayurveda the roots and the fruits are used for rheumatism, and hemorrhoid.Externally This is is a medium tree found in the Sinha Raja. This is a very expensive, ancient condiment, perfume and colouring agent. Asparagus roots (Asparagus racemosus), etc. Thyme has numerous woody stems 6-10 inches high, covered in fine hair, and flattish round leaves, growing in pairs. Kapparawalliya - sinhala name Plectranthus amboinicus, I usually refer to this one as succulent oregano, because it smells like oregano and has fleshy stems and leaves.
100 Transition Words, Travel Shampoo Pods, Arrowwood Viburnum Flower, How To Glue Carpet To Concrete Stairs, Guitar Bridges Canada, La Villa Near Me, Allosaurus Shepherd Buy, Bubbies Pickles Where To Buy,